Extended Date Functions

Category: General / VBA Functions | [Item URL]

A companion file is available: Click here to download

Many users are surprised to discover that Excel cannot work with dates prior to the year 1900. I create an add-in that addresses this deficiency. The Extended Date Functions add-in (XDate) allows you to work with dates in the years 0100 through 9999.

When the XDate add-in is installed, you can use any of the following new worksheet functions in your formulas:

  • XDATE(y,m,d,fmt): Returns a date for a given year, month, and day. As an option, you can provide a date formatting string.
  • XDATEADD(xdate1,days,fmt): Adds a specified number of days to a date. As an option, you can provide a date formatting string.
  • XDATEDIF(xdate1,xdate2): Returns the number of days between two dates.
  • XDATEYEARDIF(xdate1,xdate2): Returns the number of full years between two dates (useful for calculating ages).
  • XDATEYEAR(xdate1): Returns the year of a date.
  • XDATEMONTH(xdate1): Returns the  month of a date.
  • XDATEDAY(xdate1): returns the day of a date.
  • XDATEDOW(xdate1): Returns the day of the week of a date (as an integer between 1 and 7).

These are all VBA functions.

Applications:

The XDate add-in is particularly useful for genealogists and others who need to perform simple calculations using pre-1900 dates. The figure below, for example, shows the XDATEYEARDIF function being used to calculate ages.

Requirements:

The XDate add-in requires Excel 97 or later.

Limitations:

Be careful if you use dates prior to 1752. Differences between the historical American, British, Gregorian, and Julian calendars can result in inaccurate computations.

Note:

My Power Utility Pak also includes the XDATE functions. However, they are not packaged in an add-in. Rather, you can add the functions directly to the VBA project for your workbook. As a result, you can distribute the workbook without a dependent add-in.

Documentation:

Complete context-sensitive online help is included.

Installation:

Installation is a two-step process:

  1. Extract the files
    Download and execute the xdate.zip file. Extract the files into any directory.
  2. Install the add-in
    Start Excel and select the Tools - Add-Ins command. In the Add-Ins dialog box, click the Browse button and locate xdate.xla (the file you extracted in Step #2). Click OK.

You can type the functions manually, or use Excel's Paste Function dialog box. To access the Paste Function dialog, click the Paste Function button, or select Insert - Function.  The XDate Functions are listed in the 'Date & Time' Category. When a function is selected in the Paste Function dialog, press F1 to read the online help.



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